Albert Chinualumogu Achebe was born on November 16, 1930, in Nigeria. He was a Nigerian novelist, poet, professor, and critic. His first novel Things Fall Apart is widely read book in African literature. He was raised by his parents in Igbo town in Ogidi in south-east Nigeria. His father was a protestant missionary. Achebe excelled at school and won a scholarship for undergraduate studies at University College. Achebe attended the Government College in Umuahia from 1944 to 1947. He was graduated from University College, Ibadan, in 1953. While he was in college he studied history and theology. After graduation he worked for the Nigerian Broadcasting Service(NBS) and soon moved to metropolis of Lagos. He also developed his interest in native Nigerian and he rejected his christian name Albert for his native one chinua. In 1950 Achebe stands as one of the founder of a Nigerian literary movement. He gained worldwide attention for Things Fall Apart in the late 1950.
He was presented the Man Booker International Prize in 2007 for his literary career. Judge Nadine Gordimer called him the ‘father of modern African literature’ at the Award ceremony.He won The Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize in 2010. The annual prize is given to “a man or woman who has made an outstanding contribution to the beauty of the world and to mankind’s enjoyment and understanding of life.”
His later novels include No Longer at Ease (1960), Arrow of God (1964), A Man of the People (1966), and Anthills of the Savannah (1987). Achebe wrote his novels in English and defended the use of English, a “language of colonisers”, in African literature. In 1967, he co-founded a publishing company with a Nigerian poet named Christopher Okigbo and in 1971, he began editing Okike, a respected journal of Nigerian writing. In 1975, his lecture An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad’s “Heart of Darkness” featured a famous criticism of Joseph Conrad as “a thoroughgoing racist”; it was later published in The Massachusetts Review amid some controversy. In 1984, he founded Uwa ndi Igbo, a bilingual magazine containing a great deal of information about Igbo culture. He has been active in Nigerian politics since the 1960s, and many of his novels address the post-colonial social and political problems that Nigeria still faces. From 2009 until his death, he served as David and Marianna Fisher University Professor and Professor of Africana Studies at Brown University.
- Things Fall Apart (1958),
- No Longer at Ease (1960),
- Arrow of God (1964),
- A Man of the People (1966),
- Anthills of the Savannah (1987).
- Marriage Is A Private Affair (1952),
- Dead Men’s Path (1953),
- The Sacrificial Egg and Other Stories (1953),
- Civil Peace (1971),
- Girls at War and Other Stories (1973),
- African Short Stories (1985),
- The Heinemann Book of Contemporary African Short Stories (1992),
- The Voter.
- Beware, Soul-Brother, and Other Poems (1971) ,
- Don’t Let Him Die: An Anthology of Memorial Poems for Christopher Okigbo (1978),
- Another Africa (1998),
- Collected Poems Carcanet Press (2005),
- Refugee Mother And Child,
Essays, criticism, non-fiction and political commentary
- The Novelist as Teacher (1965) – also in Hopes and Impediments,
- An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad’s “Heart of Darkness” (1975) – also in Hopes and Impediments,
- Morning Yet on Creation Day (1975),
- The Trouble With Nigeria (1984),
- Hopes and Impediments (1988),
- Home and Exile (2000),
- The Education of a British-Protected Child (6 October 2009),
- There Was A Country: A Personal History of Biafra (11 October 2012).